Langsung ke konten utama

Apa itu kolesterol?

What Your Cholesterol Levels Mean

Your test report will show your cholesterol levels in milligrams per deciliter of blood (mg/dL). To determine how your cholesterol levels affect your risk of heart disease, your doctor will also take into account other risk factors such as age, family history, smoking and high blood pressure.

A complete fasting lipoprotein profile will show:

Your Total Blood (or Serum) Cholesterol Level

Less than 200 mg/dL: Desirable
If your LDL, HDL and triglyceride levels are also at desirable levels and you have no other risk factors for heart disease, total blood cholesterol below 200 mg/dL puts you at relatively low risk of coronary heart disease. Even with a low risk, however, it’s still smart to eat a heart-healthy diet, get regular physical activity and avoid tobacco smoke. Have your cholesterol levels checked every five years or as your doctor recommends.

200–239 mg/dL: Borderline-High Risk
If your total cholesterol falls between 200 and 239 mg/dL, your doctor will evaluate your levels of LDL (bad) cholesterol, HDL (good) cholesterol and triglycerides. It's possible to have borderline-high total cholesterol numbers with normal levels of LDL (bad) cholesterol balanced by high HDL (good) cholesterol. Work with your doctor to create a prevention and treatment plan that's right for you. Make lifestyle changes, including eating a heart-healty diet, getting regular physical activity and avoiding tobacco smoke. Depending on your LDL (bad) cholesterol levels and your other risk factors, you may also need medication. Ask your doctor how often you should have your cholesterol rechecked.

240 mg/dL and over: High Risk
People who have a total cholesterol level of 240 mg/dL or more typically have twice the risk of coronary heart disease as people whose cholesterol level is desirable (200 mg/dL). If your test didn’t show your LDL cholesterol, HDL cholesterol and triglycerides, your doctor should order a fasting profile. Work with your doctor to create a prevention and treatment plan that's right for you. Whether or not you need cholesterol-regulating medication, make lifestyle changes, including eating a heart-healty diet, getting regular physical activity and avoiding tobacco smoke.

Back to top of page

Your HDL (Good) Cholesterol Level

With HDL (good) cholesterol, higher levels are better. Low HDL cholesterol (less than 40 mg/dL for men, less than 50 mg/dL for women) puts you at higher risk for heart disease. In the average man, HDL cholesterol levels range from 40 to 50 mg/dL. In the average woman, they range from 50 to 60 mg/dL. An HDL cholesterol of 60 mg/dL or higher gives some protection against heart disease.

Smoking, being overweight and being sedentary can all result in lower HDL cholesterol. To raise your HDL level, avoid tobacco smoke, maintain a healthy weight and get at least 30–60 minutes of physical activity more days than not.

People with high blood triglycerides usually also have lower HDL cholesterol and a higher risk of heart attack and stroke. Progesterone, anabolic steroids and male sex hormones (testosterone) also lower HDL cholesterol levels. Female sex hormones raise HDL cholesterol levels.

Back to top of page

Your LDL (Bad) Cholesterol Level

The lower your LDL cholesterol, the lower your risk of heart attack and stroke. In fact, it's a better gauge of risk than total blood cholesterol. In general, LDL levels fall into these categories:

LDL Cholesterol Levels

Less than 100 mg/dL


100 to 129 mg/dL

Near Optimal/ Above Optimal

130 to 159 mg/dL

Borderline High

160 to 189 mg/dL


190 mg/dL and above

Very High

Your other risk factors for heart disease and stroke help determine what your LDL level should be, as well as the appropriate treatment for you. A healthy level for you may not be healthy for your friend or neighbor. Discuss your levels and your treatment options with your doctor to get the plan that works for you.

The Cholesterol Heart Profilers is a great starting point for learning about prevention and treatment options for your specific cholesterol levels. This free, confidential online service creates a personalized, printable report with the key information you need to fully understand your cholesterol levels, health risks and treatment options. You'll get a personalized cardiovascular disease risk profile, along with a summary of treatment options, potential side effects, success rates and a list of relevant medical journal articles and research studies, all summarized in plain English.

Back to top of page

Your Triglyceride Level

Triglyceride is a form of fat. People with high triglycerides often have a high total cholesterol level, including high LDL (bad) cholesterol and low HDL (good) cholesterol levels.

Your triglyceride level will fall into one of these categories:

  • Normal: less than 150 mg/dL
  • Borderline-High: 150–199 mg/dL
  • High: 200–499 mg/dL
  • Very High: 500 mg/dL

Many people have high triglyceride levels due to being overweight/obese, physical inactivity, cigarette smoking, excess alcohol consumption and/or a diet very high in carbohydrates (60 percent of more of calories). High triglycerides are a lifestyle-related risk factor; however, underlying diseases or genetic disorders can be the cause.

The main therapy to reduce triglyceride levels is to change your lifestyle. This means control your weight, eat a heart-healthy diet, get regular physical activity, avoid tobacco smoke, limit alcohol to one drink per day for women or two drinks per day for men, and limit beverages and foods with added sugars. Visit your healthcare provider to create a plan of action that will incorporate all these lifestyle changes. Sometimes, medication is needed in addition to a healthy diet and lifestyle.

A triglyceride level of 150 mg/dL or higher is one of the risk factors of metabolic syndrome. Metabolic syndrome increases the risk for heart disease and other disorders, including diabetes.

Back to top of page


Pos populer dari blog ini

Contoh Soal Ujian Profesi PAMJAKI

Buat peserta ujian Profesi Pamjaki, berikut saya share soal-soal ujian Pamjaki semoga dapat membantu menyelesaikan ujian, silahkan klik link berikut untuk masing-masing modul. SELAMAT BELAJAR.......

berikut contoh soal yg saya dapat dari blog :


dari Blog


Sistem Kesehatan di Taiwan; universal coverage health insurance (Oleh-oleh dari Benchmarking ke Taiwan, Juni 2012)

Sistem kesehatan menjadi topik yang sangat menarik untuk dibahas, masing-masing Negara menerapkan sistem kesehatan yang sesuai dan hampir tidak ada suatu Negara yang menerapkan sistem kesehatan sama persis dengan Negara lain. Tidak ada sistem pelayanan kesehatan yang terbaik, yang ada adalah sistem yang paling sesuai atau paling ideal untuk diterapkan di suatu Negara.
Pada kesempatan ini akan dikupas sedikit informasi tentang sistem kesehatan di Taiwan berdasarkan hasil kunjungan ke Taipei Medical University, Taipei medical university hospital, Taipei city hospital, Beaureu of National Health Insurance, dan Pusat data Statistik Departemen Kesehatan Taiwan. Ringkasnya adalah sebagai berikut :

Taiwan (Republic of China) merupakan negara yang terletak di sebelah timur daratan China dengan luas wilayah mencapai 36.193 Km2. Berdasarkan data tahun 2011, jumlah penduduk Taiwan mencapai 23.224.912 jiwa dengan GDP per kapita mencapai US$ 20.139. Kesehatan mendapatkan perhatian ya…
Catur W. Mei 2002

Sabilang wai
Tan naenin lempas
Buat tiang nyatosang endag I Bulan
Wantah sujati bungah kenyirne
Satmaka ngentosin sang surya
Rem-rem kadi manahe burem

Ngantosang endag I Bulan
Rikala sore, hatine mamung
Tan prasida ka rumrum
Minabke pacang galang ngluntang
Utawi taler sekadi sang surya
remrem kadi manahe burem

Bulan endag je bulan
icen sunarane galang
sunarin manahe burem
sunarin hatine remrem
jantos prasida titiang ajeg
buat ngaksi sang surya
semenge benjang
angetne ngampehang mamung hatine
sunarne nyunarin burem manahe

Duh hyang widhi
nunas sweca mangdene benjang
rikala sang surya mantuk ring linggih ida
prasida titiang kaicen galah
buat nyantosang endag I bulan
Galang nyunarin wengi